'In these conditions Daniel was no more than a passenger with few, if any, options to manage the situation: he could not change direction and the hard braking he tried would have had little chance of success.' In the 2018 season-opener in Melbourne, there were just five overtakes, something that prompted F1 managing director Ross Brawn to lament the lack of 'wheel-to-wheel dicing' following the race. 'A raft of other measures have already been put in place for 2019, including an increase in race fuel allowance to allow drivers to race at full power for longer, the separation of driver weight from car weight to end the disadvantage of heavier drivers, and the requirement that drivers wear biometric gloves.' In the 2018 season-opener in Melbourne, there were just five overtakes, something that prompted F1 managing director Ross Brawn to lament the lack of 'wheel-to-wheel dicing' following the race. Visit cnn.com/motorsport for more news and videos 'In addition to the aerodynamic changes ratified on Monday, the FIA is continuing to evaluate a range of other measures aimed at encouraging closer racing and boosting overtaking in F1,' reads a statement on the F1 website. Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo, who collided with teammate Max Verstappen while attempting to overtake during Sunday's Azerbaijan GP, recorded the most last year with 43 in the 20-race championship. The next race in Bahrain, however, saw Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton pass three drivers with one stunning move. READ: Red Bull drivers forced to apologize to team after 'unacceptable' collision 'Once Daniel had settled for his line, and Max had changed direction once more, the Australian suddenly had to cope with a car that was very light at the front end due to the turbulent air generated by the leading Red Bull,' said Brawn on the F1 website. Alterations to cars' aerodynamics from 2019 will seek to encourage more thrilling, wheel-to-wheel racing. Last season saw F1 overtakes fall by half compared with 2016. In the 2018 season-opener in Melbourne, there were just five overtakes, something that prompted F1 managing director Ross Brawn to lament the lack of 'wheel-to-wheel dicing' following the race. Brawn says the upcoming changes, which were presented to teams in Bahrain, have been motivated in part by instances such as the one between Verstappen and Ricciardo in Azerbaijan. READ: Lewis Hamilton wins chaotic Azerbaijan GP 'In addition to the aerodynamic changes ratified on Monday, the FIA is continuing to evaluate a range of other measures aimed at encouraging closer racing and boosting overtaking in F1,' reads a statement on the F1 website. Brawn says the upcoming changes, which were presented to teams in Bahrain, have been motivated in part by instances such as the one between Verstappen and Ricciardo in Azerbaijan.
seismic sensors operated by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization and the U.S. Geological Survey detected signs of a nuclear detonation in North Korea. The sensors picked up a release of energy roughly equivalent to a magnitude 5.1 earthquake from a source 1 kilometer (about three-fifths of a mile) underground, twice as large as the country’s previous nuclear tests and emanating from roughly the same region just off of “Nuclear Test Road,” says BoingBoing.
On top of the seismic detections, says Discovery News, North Korea has come forward claiming that it has “successfully carried out an underground nuclear test of a new, ‘miniaturized’ device.” World organizations and governments, including President Obama, have been quick to denounce the test.
Seismic waves from North Korea’s new nuclear test were traced to a site near its two previous tests.
Seismic waves from North Korea’s new nuclear test were traced to a site near its two previous tests. (Comprehensive Nuclear-Test- Ban Treaty Organiation)
Based on the power of the detected detonation, says The New York Times, the nuclear explosion was likely of “approximately several kilotons.” The South Korean government, says the Atlantic Wire, pegs the explosion at being around 10 kilotons. This, for reference, is smaller than the 15 kiloton “Little Boy” bomb that wiped out Hiroshima, Japan at the end of World War II.
Without a point of reference, though, it’s difficult to imagine the potential devastation that one of these nukes could cause were they set off somewhere more sensitive than an underground test facility. This Google Maps overlay tool, designed by programmer Eric Meyer, tries to estimate the area that would be affected by the pressure wave given off by a nuclear explosion set off at ground level.
The High-Yield Detonation Effects Simulator, by Eric A. Meyer.
The High-Yield Detonation Effects Simulator, by Eric A. Meyer. (Eric A. Meyer)
The different rings denote different pressure waves, from 15 pounds per square inch down to 0.1 psi. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Response and Restoration, a pressure wave of 8.0 psi would be enough to wipe out buildings, while a 1.0 psi wave would shatter glass.
So, based on those estimates, North Korea’s new nuke would be enough to wreck a big chunk of Lower Manhattan. This is all, of course, looking only at the immediate effects of the blast and ignoring the after-effects of radiation fallout.
ifty years ago today, poet and author Sylvia Plath quietly placed a tray with a couple glasses of milk next to her two sleeping children, then walked to the kitchen, shut the door, sealed the cracks with wet towels and put her head in the oven. If she had not committed suicide at the age of 30, Plath could still be alive today. But cultural fascination with her continues to burn brightly despite—or perhaps because of—her premature departure from this world.
During her short life, Plath wrote prolifically, and her works eventually earned her a posthumous Pulitzer Prize in 1982. But despite countless scholars dedicating themselves to Plath’s work and our broader obsession with her work and life, the poet’s work still continues to deliver surprises.
Katie Roiphe, a professor at NYU, speculates in Slate that Plath’s famous poem, “Daddy,” is actually about her much-despised mother.
In reading the angry, crashing lines of the poem—“Every woman adores a Fascist/The boot in the face, the brute/Brute heart of a brute like you”—one naturally thinks that she must be talking about a male oppressor, about her father. But Plath’s father, a German entomologist who loved bees, and died after a long period of sickness when Sylvia was 8, was a paler figure in her life, a less looming or domineering force than her mother; of course, one can harbor strong, mysterious feelings about a parent who died when one is young, but it is her mother with whom she is locked in a furious lifelong struggle.
Again and again throughout her works, Plath expressed a “total absence of love” from her mother and often directed her violent and murderous literary fantasies towards her mother.
Why, one might ask, would the extremely uninhibited Plath not write a poem called “Mommy” if it was in some deeper way about her mother? We can’t know, of course, but she may have encrypted her feelings about her mother into a poem about her father because it was easier to face them in that form, because even the violently free Plath of the late poems was not violently free enough to put her feelings toward her mother in a more direct form for the world to see. Given how long and deeply she struggled with those feelings, it is not impossible that even at her wildest, most liberated, she was not able to dispense with the comfort of metaphors and codes.
NPR’s Craig Morgan Teicher takes a closer look at a younger, less well known Plath, “an obviously talented writer who is having trouble finding a subject commensurate with her knife-sharp powers of description and emotional clarity.” Take a poem she wrote in 1957 about a big pig, for example:
Shrilling her hulk
To halt for a swig at the pink teats. No. This vast
Of a sow lounged belly-bedded on that black compost,
Dream-filmed. What a vision of ancient hoghood …
Already Plath can render anything she looks at with stultifying intensity, and she’s gaining the control of where to break her lines — her poet’s timing — that will make the Ariel poems so searing and sinister. But ultimately, this poem adds up to little more than a prolonged exclamation of, “Wow! That’s a really big pig!” The stakes are out of sync: The poem just isn’t as important as it sounds.
In 1959, however, the Plath fans know and love finally emerges in “The Eye-Mote.” In the poem, the narrator is pleasantly riding a horse through the countryside, when suddenly a splinter flies into her eye. Her vision distorted, the world becomes a twisted and unknown place.
A melding of shapes in a hot rain:
Horses warped on the altering green,
Plath’s extraordinary verbal inventiveness has begun to find a subject equal to it: the shape-shifting the mind exerts on the world, the ways the heart can inflect, even infect, what happens.
As tragic and dark as her end would be, it’s nonetheless thrilling to watch this great artist becoming herself.
For those wishing to engage in a more prolonged anniversary meditation of the poet, two new biographies, “American Isis” and “Mad Girl’s Love Song” attempt to tease out new details and insights into Plath’s life. The former lays claim that ““Sylvia Plath is the Marilyn Monroe of modern literature.” And as the New York Times says, the latter “makes a convincing case that we can learn more about Plath and the pressures that shaped her by paying attention to her “life before Ted” — the high school and college years.”
ess than two hours remain until the launch of Landsat 8, the latest leg of a satellite mission that’s creating the “longest continuous record of changes in Earth’s surface as seen from space.” The mission has been tracking the Earth’s changing face since 1972 and has unveiled everything from the near-disappearance of the Aral Sea to the devastation of Mount St Helens and the development of Alberta, Canada’s expansive tar sands projects.
The continuity of that long record hinges in part on the successful deployment of Landsat 8, also knows as the Landsat Data Continuity Mission. Nature:
The size of a large jeep, the US$855-million spacecraft will circle Earth at an altitude of about 700 kilometres, carrying sensors of even higher precision than its predecessors. Instead of scanning the terrain below it with a mirror and sending the signal to a few sensors, it will capture instantaneous views of a 185-kilometre swathe of Earth, using some 7,000 sensors for each bandwidth
The new satellite will take the place of the failed Landsat 5 satellite (which broke down in December, after circling the Earth for a 29 years) and of the Landsat 7 satellite (which has been flying for 14 years and now bears some failed equipment). Landsat 5′s nearly three decades of service are extraordinary; the satellite was designed to fly for just three years.
Since Landsat’s mission is to track changes in the Earth’s surface, from water and forest cover to the sprawl of cities, having a gap in the record would be devastating. Back in 1993, the Landsat 6 satellite failed to reach orbit. Though a failed launch for Landsat 8 is unlikely, Wired‘s Betsy Mason points out that it would lead to an gap in the record, as “Landsat 7 would run out of fuel near the end of 2016, before a replacement could be built and put into orbit.”
Aside from its scientific usefulness, Landsat has also been a favorite for those looking at the Earth as art. Indeed, the United States Postal Service recently released a stamp series based on some of the Landsat satellite’s stunning images. Landsat 8 is scheduled to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California at 10 am PST, 1 pm EST. You can follow allow with the Landsat mission on twitter, or watch the launch live.
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